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UPRIVER BRIDGES

Pont Amont

Pont National

Pont Tolbiac

Passerelle
Simone-de-Beauvoir

Pont de Bercy

Pont Charles-de-Gualle

Viaduc d'Austerlitz

Pont d'Austerlitz

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Pont Amont

Current bridge opened in 1969

The bridge carries motor traffic on the eastern arc of Boulevard Périphérique, the controlled-access motor expressway around Paris. The entire Boulevard Périphérique, including the Pont Aval and Pont Amont, was built along the glacis, the wide, sloping area in front of the old Thiers Wall, a fortification named after Prime Minister Adolphe Thiers and completed in 1844. It was torn down after World War I, having proved useless in modern warfare.

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Pont National

Current bridge opened in 1853

The Pont National was built as a crossing for the city’s internal commuter railway line, the Chemin de Fer de Petite Ceinture. The defunct “Little Belt Railway’s” tracks remain on the bridge today. Constructed in 1852–53, during Baron Haussmann’s massive renovation of Paris, the bridge connected fortifications on both sides of the river. The Pont National later became a link in the Boulevards des Maréchaux, the chain of commuter thoroughfares now circling outer Paris and named after Napoleon’s marshals, his senior commanding officers.

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Pont Tolbiac

Current bridge opened in 1882

During the Belle Époque that followed the end of Napoleon III’s Second Empire, Paris’s eastern districts experienced rapid expansion that continues to the present day. The Pont de Tolbiac was built between 1879 and 1882 for the convenience of businesses on both sides of the river. The bridge’s name comes from the ancient city of Tolbiac, now called Zülpich, built by the Gauls near present-day Cologne, Germany.

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Passerelle Simone-de-Beauvoir

Current bridge opened in 2006

The pedestrian Passerelle Simone-de-Beauvoir is the newest Parisian bridge on the Seine, the first built in the 21st century, and the first named to honor a woman. Its interlaced design offers pedestrians six entrances from a variety of locations on both banks. Simone de Beauvoir was a leading twentieth-century French writer and philosopher, and one of the world’s most influential feminists. She and her partner Jean- Paul Sartre popularized existential philosophy.

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Pont Bercy

Current bridge opened in 1992

The first structure built at this location was a simple suspension bridge, a design popular at the time, easy and inexpensive to build. It was completed in record time, a little over six months, to replace the overcrowded ferry connection at this crossing. “Citizen King” Louis Philippe set the first stone in 1832, celebrating his coronation as Roi des Français, “King of the French.”

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Pont Charles-de-Gaulle

Current bridge opened in 1996

Like the wing of a stealth airplane, the Pont Charles-de- Gaulle crosses the Seine nearly unnoticed. Its sleek, aerodynamic design was chosen to preserve the view of the river and not to detract from its downriver and upriver neighbors, the Pont de Bercy and Viaduc d’Austerlitz. General Charles de Gaulle created and commanded the Free French Forces during World War II, founded the Fifth Republic and served as its first president.

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Viaduc d'Austerlitz

Current bridge opened in 1936

The viaduct consists of a deck suspended through a single arch. The design eliminated piers, which would have obstructed river navigation. Instead, the viaduct sits on four 15-meter (60-foot) pillars that rise above abutments on both banks. On the Right Bank, the bridge is approached via a ramp that curves 90 degrees to the south after emerging from beneath the Place Mazas.

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Pont d'Austerlitz

Current bridge opened in 1885

Like its neighbor just upriver, the Pont d’Austerliz is named after one of Napoleon’s greatest military victories, which took place in 1805 in what was then the Austrian Empire and is now the Czech Republic. The bridge carries motor traffic one way south, from the Right Bank to the Left, with the nearby Pont Charles-de-Gaulle carrying it one way north.

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